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International Criminal Court Marks Opening of the Judicial Year 2023


On 20 January 2023, the International Criminal Court (“ICC” or “Court”) held a solemn hearing for the opening of its judicial year, featuring speeches of keynote speaker Mr Miguel de Serpa Soares, Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and United Nations Legal Counsel, ICC Principals, and the President of the ICC Bar Association. ICC judges as well as the Vice-President of the Assembly of States Parties (ASP), Ambassador Kateřina Sequensová, Representatives from national jurisdictions, regional or international courts, the diplomatic corps, civil society and international organisations, also attended the event in ICC Courtroom 1 or through the online streaming. 

Opening the event, the President of the Court, Judge Piotr Hofmański, stated: “We are particularly honoured by the presence of many presidents of international and regional courts and chief justices of national jurisdictions of States Parties to the Rome Statute. As we pause for a moment to reflect on our mandate and renew our commitment to justice, it gives us strength to see so many esteemed colleagues by our side. … It is first and foremost the domestic courts that must be the vanguard against impunity, and only when they cannot or will not act, the ICC should intervene. And, domestic courts are also the ones that must carry on the torch of justice once the ICC’s intervention ends.” 

United Nations Legal Counsel Miguel de Serpa Soares delivers Keynote Address at the opening of the ICC judicial year 2023 on 20 January 2023 at the seat of the Court in The Hague ©ICC-CPI

The Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and the United Nations Legal Counsel, Mr Miguel de Serpa Soares, delivered the keynote address in which he recognized the central role of the Court in the international criminal justice system. “The abiding challenge for the Court remains to realize its full potential in its fight to end impunity and build a just and more peaceful world,” he said, noting that the attention of the international community focused on its work, and in particular its judicial decisions. The Legal Counsel emphasized the strong relationship and extensive cooperation between the United Nations and the Court. “The Court will always find in the United Nations a committed partner, a staunch ally and a firm friend,” he concluded.

Prosecutor Karim A.A. Khan KC noted that in 2023 his Office would focus on “delivering increased results in the courtroom through a renewed approach to investigations and prosecutions, drawing on new technology.” He underlined that “this year should be one in which the bonds between victims and the Court is strengthened, by bringing justice closer to affected communities. Through new approaches, and by strengthening the bridge between survivors and the Office, this year can be one in which the impunity gap is finally narrowed through collective action.”

ICC Registrar Peter Lewis, whose term will end this year, said: “Above all else, we face 2023 with the knowledge, that for those victims and communities who thirst for justice and peace, what we do at the court matters.”

In addition, the President of the International Criminal Court Bar Association (ICCBA) Marie-Hélène Proulx stated: “As we enter into this new year, I want to pay tribute to the contribution of counsel, and of their support staff. The ICCBA is proud to represent them, and to voice their concerns and their demands before the organs of the Court, the ASP and the general public. There can be no justice without a strong defence, and without meaningful representation of participating victims. And there can be no fair trial without equality of arms.”

The solemn hearing was followed by the ICC’s Fifth Annual Judicial Seminar attended by ICC judges and ca. 35 judges from international, regional and national courts, including several chief justices of ICC States Parties. This year’s edition of the Judicial Seminar focused on the crucial role that national courts and jurisdictions play in the international criminal justice system aimed at closing the gap of impunity for the gravest crimes under international law.

The participants discussed the legal aspects of the principle of complementarity, the support of the United Nations for the capacity building of national jurisdictions as well as the concrete experiences of national and hybrid jurisdictions. A summary report of the Judicial Seminar, held under Chatham House rules, will be issued subsequently. The ICC is grateful to the European Commission for its financial support of the Judicial Seminar.

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