Home Diplomatic News Preserving Tradition: The Story of Ecuador’s Toquilla Straw Hat

Preserving Tradition: The Story of Ecuador’s Toquilla Straw Hat

Maria Rosa Eguez, Ecuador.

In a world where globalization often threatens the uniqueness of cultural heritage, the efforts to preserve and promote traditional crafts are not only commendable but vital. Maria Rosa Eguez, the spouse of the Ecuadorian Ambassador, is one such advocate, championing the prestigious art and craft of Ecuador – the Toquilla Straw Hat.

Recently, Maria Rosa organized a presentation about this iconic hat, also known as the “Panama Hat”, with the aim of showcasing Ecuador’s rich cultural legacy. Specially organized for the members of ASA, the diplomatic spouses association of The Hague, and supported by the Embassy of Ecuador and its Commercial Office, Maria Rosa’s endeavor was more than just showcasing a product; it was about celebrating centuries of tradition and craftsmanship.

Members of ASA during the Ecuador’s Toquilla Straw Hat’s presentation,

The Toquilla Straw Hat holds a special place in Ecuadorian heritage, its origins dating back to pre-Hispanic cultures. The intricate weaving of toquilla fibers was practiced by ancient civilizations for various purposes, from hat-making to shelter construction and even fishing traps. This deep-rooted tradition endured through the ages, evolving with the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century.

It was in the 17th century that a significant milestone occurred when Domingo Chóez combined pre-Hispanic weaving techniques with the traditional form of Hispanic cloth hats, giving birth to what we now recognize as the Toquilla Straw Hat. This fusion of cultures marked the beginning of a flourishing industry that would become synonymous with Ecuadorian craftsmanship.

By the late 18th century, the Toquilla Straw Hat had become a significant export commodity, with its popularity extending beyond Ecuador’s borders to countries like Colombia, Peru, and Chile. However, it wasn’t until the 19th century that the hat gained its famous moniker – the Panama Hat.

The strategic location of Panama Canal facilitated the distribution of these hats to international markets, leading to the misconception of their origin. This misnomer persisted, bolstered by an iconic moment when President Theodore Roosevelt was photographed wearing one during his visit to the Panama Canal in 1906. From then on, the Ecuadorian Toquilla Straw Hat became widely known as the Panama Hat.

Despite the global recognition, Ecuador remained committed to preserving the authenticity of its cultural heritage. In 2012, UNESCO recognized the traditional weaving of the Toquilla Straw Hat as a World Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Through education, promotion, and economic support, Ecuador continues to safeguard its ancestral techniques, ensuring that the art of Toquilla weaving thrives for years to come.

As Maria Rosa concluded her speech, she invited the audience to witness the intricate process of hat-making through an interesting video.

Ecuador’s Toquilla Straw Hat

In a rapidly changing world, where cultural homogenization threatens diversity, initiatives like Maria Rosa’s serve as a guiding light  of hope, reminding us of the beauty and importance of embracing our heritage.

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