Friday, September 30, 2022

U.S. administration strengthens its toolbox to fight terrorism

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DIPLOMAT MAGAZINE “For diplomats, by diplomats” Reaching out the world from the European Union First diplomatic publication based in The Netherlands Founded by members of the diplomatic corps on June 19th, 2013. Diplomat Magazine is inspiring diplomats, civil servants and academics to contribute to a free flow of ideas through an extremely rich diplomatic life, full of exclusive events and cultural exchanges, as well as by exposing profound ideas and political debates in our printed and online editions.

By Guido Lanfranchi.

Eighteen years after the 9/11 attacks, the United States administration has significantly updated its terrorist designation mechanism. The update – enacted through a Presidential Executive order – will enable the U.S. to step up its campaign to deny revenues to terrorist groups and leaders.

The attacks of September 11th, 2001 ushered in a new era for the United States’ counterterrorism policy. On September 11th, 2019, eighteen years later, an Executive Order issued by President Donald J. Trump is set to step up U.S. efforts to chase terrorists around the world and deny them their sources of revenue. “It’s the most significant update to our terrorist designation authorities since the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks” – Mr. Nathan Sales, Ambassador-at-Large and Coordinator for Counterterrorism in the U.S. administration, claimed in a press briefing held on September 11th.

This Executive Order is set to “enhance our ability to identify and sanction perpetrators of terrorist acts worldwide” – according to Mr. Marshall Billingslea, Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing at the U.S. Department of Treasury, who explained some of the modifications introduced by this legislation.

First, while in the past authorities needed to tie a terrorist to a specific violent act in order to target him, this new Order will allow for targeting leaders of terrorist groups, as well as people involved in training activities, without the need to point at any specific act. Moreover, the Order will allow for strengthened secondary sanctions against “foreign financial institutions that have knowingly conducted or facilitated significant financial transactions for sanction purposes”, and it will allow to target “those who are acting for or on behalf of the specially designated global terrorists” – A/S Billingslea explained

Addressing the press, the U.S. officials largely praised the work done by the Trump administration over the last years. Ambassador Sales noted that the current administration has “used our terrorism sanctions more aggressively than any previous administration,” with more than 400 designations since January 2017. As a result, “we have seen a noticeable degradation in the capacity of certain terrorist groups to conduct attacks,” A/S Billingslea claimed, citing ISIS, al-Qaida and Hezbollah as significant cases in point. 

Eighteen years after the 9/11 attacks, the U.S. seems determined to continue its war against terrorism across the globe.

About the author:

Guido Lanfranchi is a student and young professional in the field of international affairs. He has pursued his studies both at Leiden University and Sciences Po Paris, where he is currently enrolled. In parallel, he has been gaining professional experience through internships (first at the Council of the European Union, and currently at Clingendael Institute), as well as by working as reporter and associate editor for Diplomat Magazine The Netherlands. His research and work focus on the Middle East and Africa, and especially on conflict situations in these regions.

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