Tuesday, April 16, 2024

Pakistan’s Role in the Evolving Global Order: Insights from the 4th IWLS

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Amidst the dynamic shifts of the global landscape, Pakistan a nuclear power country, finds itself at a crucial juncture, navigating the complexities of international relations and strategic partnerships. The recently concluded 4th International Workshop for Leadership and Security (4th IWLS), organized by the Institute for Strategic Studies, Research and Analysis (ISSRA) at the National Defence University (NDU) Islamabad, provided a platform for insightful discussions on Pakistan’s position in the world today.

One of the key themes explored during the workshop was the “Evolving Global and Regional Order,” which saw experts from the United States, China, and Pakistan sharing their perspectives on the changing dynamics of international relations.

Mr. Michael Kugleman, Director of the Wilson Center’s South Asia Institute, offering insights from the United States, shed light on President Biden’s efforts to counter the influence of China and Russia, particularly in the wake of ongoing conflicts such as the war in Ukraine. He highlighted the shifting focus of US foreign policy towards Asia, emphasizing economic re-dollarization initiatives and efforts to rebuild institutions like the World Bank.

Dr. Li Li, Senior Research Officer and Deputy Director of the Institute of International Relation at Tsinghua University in China, emphasized the importance of unrelenting globalization and China’s commitment to a multipolar and inclusive world order. She cautioned against the pitfalls of a bipolar focus, stressing the need for cooperation rather than competition between the US and China.

From Pakistan’s perspective, analysts Ambassador Zamir Akram and Dr. Maria Sultan, Director of South Asia Strategic Stability Institute, discussed the challenges posed by US support for India, particularly in the context of transnational relations. The country finds itself at a crossroads, seeking to balance its security interests with its economic aspirations. Despite some disruptions in its relations with the US, Pakistan is increasingly looking towards China as a strategic partner, leveraging initiatives such as the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) to enhance connectivity and economic development.

Participants at the 4th International Workshop for Leadership and Security (4th IWLS), organized by the Institute for Strategic Studies, Research and Analysis (ISSRA) at the National Defence University (NDU) Islamabad, Pakistan. Photography by NDU.

Moreover, Pakistan’s stance on issues such as the Israel-Palestine conflict underscores its commitment to upholding international law and principles of justice. The unwavering support from the US to Israel has strained relations with Islamic countries like Pakistan, prompting a reevaluation of traditional alliances and a call for greater adherence to the principles of the United Nations.

As the workshop concluded, it became evident that Pakistan’s role in the world today is shaped by a complex interplay of geopolitical, economic, and security considerations. The country’s ability to navigate these challenges while staying true to its principles will determine its trajectory in an increasingly interconnected and multipolar world.

In essence, the 4th IWLS provided a forum for critical reflection and dialogue, highlighting Pakistan’s evolving role in shaping the global order and reaffirming its commitment to promote cooperation and stability on the world stage.

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